date_range 19 Aug, 2019

S24- Prevention for Coronary heart disease


Coronary heart disease (CHD), or coronary artery disease, develops when the coronary arteries become too narrow. The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart.
CHD tends to develop when cholesterol builds up on the artery walls, creating plaques. These plaques cause the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow to the heart. A clot can sometimes obstruct the blood flow, causing serious health problems.
CHD can sometimes lead to heart attack. It is the "most common type of heart disease in the United States," where it accounts for more than 370,000 deaths every year.
Causes -
CHD develops as a result of injury or damage to the inner layer of a coronary artery. This damage causes fatty deposits of plaque to build up at the injury site. These deposits consist of cholesterol and other waste products from cells. This buildup is called atherosclerosis.
Symptoms
CHD can lead to angina. This is a type of chest pain linked to heart disease.
Angina may cause the following feelings across the chest:
squeezing,pressure,heaviness,tightening,burning,aching
Treatment
There is no cure for CHD. However, there are ways that a person can manage the condition.

Treatment tends to involve making healthful lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, adopting a healthful diet, and getting regular exercise.

However, some people may need to take medications or undergo medical procedures.
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